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Name: Skunk Bellies (aka Cinnamon Rolls)


 First take 3 fresh Skunks and remove the soft under bellies.  Just kidding, no animals were harmed in the preparation of this recipe.  : )


Some how or another as our kids were growing up we gave Cinnamon Rolls a funny name and that name has stuck.  The original recipe was called “60 Minute Cinnamon Rolls.”  I was amazed at how good they were and it only took 1 hour.  I’ve modified this recipe quite a bit over the years.  It will still work for making Cinnamon Rolls in an hour if you shorten up a few steps.  However, if you take your time they will be even better.



# of Loaves

Loaf Size




Total dough Weight (TDW)


 Cinnamon Roll (100g)






Total Formula












Total Flour




Flour, All Purpose








Milk, Whole (120°F)





2 3/5



Egg, Whole (2)





2 1/5



Leaven, Yeast Instant








Sugar, Granulated








Salt, Table







Fat, Crisco










Fat, Butter, Unsalted





1 4/5



Sugar, Brown





2 1/8



Spice, Cinnamon Powder





2 8/9









 Process Notes:

  1. Place the Flour, Yeast, Granulated Sugar, Salt and Crisco into the Mixing bowl and mix for 30 seconds to evenly distribute the ingredients.
  2. Add the Milk (heated to about 120°F) and Eggs (2 at room temperature) to the mixing bowl and mix for 6 to 8 minutes on 2nd speed in a Kitchen Aid mixer.  You may need to scrape the bowl occasionally.  Make sure that the flour at the bottom of the bowl is incorporated.  The dough will be quite soft at this point, too soft to knead by hand.
  3. Remove the beater, scrape the sides again, and cover the bowl.  Let rise for 15 minutes.  The dough will be much firmer after the 15-minute rest.
  4. Turn the dough out onto a well-floured counter top and pre-shape into a rectangle.  Let rest for 2 minutes.
  5. With a rolling pin roll the dough out to a 32” x 20” rectangle. 
  6. Melt the filling Butter and spread on top of the dough.  Cover the dough with the mixed dry filling ingredients (Brown Sugar and Cinnamon).
  7. Roll the dough up lengthwise like a jellyroll (from the short side) into a log.  (Note: for more turns stretch the dough as you roll it up).
  8. Elongate your log (roll it back and forth and make it longer) to 36”.  With thread, unflavored dental floss or a knife cut the log into 24 pieces each about 1 ½” long.  Line your baking sheets with parchment paper.  Place the slices onto your baking sheet leaving about ½” between the slices. Note: I use a ½ Sheet Pan (12” x 18”) or two Cookie Sheets (10” x 15”).
  9. Cover the sheets with plastic to keep them from drying out and let rest for 1 to 2 hours (or 30 minutes if you are hungry or in a hurry).  The rolls can be refrigerated overnight at this point (before the rest).  Remove from the refrigerator and let stand at room temperature the next morning before baking.
  10. Bake in a pre-heated oven at 350°F for 30 to 35 minutes.




Home (could be a Commercial column too)

Final Dough








Type of Mixer

Spiral (Kitchen Aid)


Mix Style



Dough Temperature




Dough Hook






Length of Time

15 minutes











Resting Time

2 minutes



Roll out to a 32” x 20” Rectangle


Shape Process

See process notes (Steps 4 thru 8)


Proofing Device

Sheet pan (12” x 18”) | Cookie Sheet (10” x 15”)


Proof & Bake




Final Proof Time

1.5 - 2 Hours



80°F | Room


Oven Type

Home Non-Convection


Total Bake

30 to 35 Minutes


















Variation Hints for the Dough:

Flour – All Purpose Flour or Bread Flour.

Milk – Anything from Whole Milk to Non-Fat Milk, Buttermilk, or Rehydrate Dry Milk.

Sugar – Granulated Sugar, Brown Sugar, Honey, Or Molasses.

Fat – Butter, Crisco, or Oil (Corn or Canola)


Note:  Some of the variations may require some adjustments to the hydration (that is you may have to adjust the amount of Milk).


Variation Hints for the Filling:

Sugar – Granulated Sugar or Brown Sugar.

Cinnamon – Adjust to your own taste (we like it stronger, old family saying “If a little is good – more is better”.  We use more!).  Also try different types of Cinnamon.



Please provide feedback (things you like, things you dislike and things you would have like to see) on the recipe format as I am in the process of tweaking it.  I’ve combined features from a number of my favorite books as well as The Bread Baker’s Guild of America’s Format Guide.

Dwayne's picture

I saw this great video of how to make Swiss Mice by Christopher Bruehwiler on YouTube.  You end up with these rolls that are in the shape of Mice.  The video says to use a sweet dough to make these.  The first time I made these I used my standard sweet dough and they turned out OK.  They tasted fine but they did not keep their shape as well as I would have liked.

I made these again but this time I used the "Sweet and Rich Challah" dough  from "Inside the Jewish Bakery".   My favorite Challah recipe.  The turned out much better than my first attempt but they are a long way from the Mice in the video.  I probably let the over proof.  I used dried cranberries for the eyes (instead of raisins).  

Since we were then over run with mice I gave some to some friends.  They said that the Swedish sugar on top gave them a very nice touch.


Proofed and ready to add the eyes, ears and Swedish sugar.


Ready to go into the oven.


Fresh from the oven.


Mice doing close order drills on the cooling rack.


Looks like the cat is greatly out numbered.



Dwayne's picture

Long time no post.


I wanted to try something different and a good friend said that she really like Marbled Rye (Hi, Grandma Phyllis) so that is the reason for this bake (like anyone here needs a reason to bake bread). So I pulled out Peter Reinhart's :The Bread Baker's Apprentice" (aka BBA).  This is the Marbled Rye Bread from there (page 183).  I followed the recipe pretty much exactly.  I scaled the recipe for a batch and a half, two loaves to give away and one to make sandwiches thru the week.


In this recipe you make tow doughs, which are identical except for the coloring that is added to one to make it darker.  I used Cocoa as the coloring agent.  One more change to the recipe, we were out of molasses so I used Karo corn syrup.


I was pretty pleased with the results.  However next time I will add a bit more water as the dough was very stiff.  Just like when I make a Cinnamon loaf I like to see lots of spirals (see

Roll dough of each color out into a long rectangle.

Straighten edges as needed.

Place one dough on top of the other.  Next time I will have one loaf with the darker dough on the bottom (outside).

Begin to roll up the dough, keep it tight and eliminate any air pockets.

All rolled up.  Check to see how it will fit into the baking pan.  If needed elongate the loaf to fit nicely.

Elongated and ready for the pan.

All ready for the final rise.

Fresh from the oven.

Buttered and ready to be sampled.


I will be making this again.


Happy Baking, Dwayne

Dwayne's picture

A while back I saw a picture in a Christmas catalog of a very cool looking pastry/coffee cake and I asked here on TFL How did they do this?  I got the help that I was looking for from this great community.  

I've been experimenting with Cinnamon Rolls now for a while.  I am using the term Cinnamon Rolls very loosely here, I guess that a better term would be "Stuff rolled up in dough", however that just does not sound as good.

So basically what I did was to take my Cinnamon Roll Dough recipe and made it into Nut Rolls using the Potica filling.  I used JoeV's recipe for the filling (see link above).  You might want to follow JoeV's Dough recipe as well, this makes a lot so you may want to make a half batch.

I've now made this twice, once with Almonds and once with Walnuts (Pecans will be my next test and then maybe Hazel Nuts).

So I made my dough as I always do and rolled it out very thin.  I put the Potica filling on top.  I began rolling up the dough (stretching it even thinner as I roll).  I got a big surprise here.  The Potica filling was wet where as my Cinnamon Roll filling is dry and things were behaving a lot differently.  It was a bit harder working with the dough and rolling it up.  When I got all done it felt like I had a tube sock full of mush.

I was stuck with the challenge of trying to slice the rolls and to place them in the pan.  I made the cuts quickly and then using the knife blade as a spatula picked up the roll and placed it on the pan.  I usually like to make my rows all nice and straight but there was no way that I could do that.  I was just happy to be able to scoop them up and place them as best as I could in the pan.

I let them raise in the pan for a while and then baked them the way I usually do for Cinnamon Rolls.  Again another surprise, they took longer to bake because of the wet filling.  (I know, I'm a slow learner)  I left them in until they looked done.


I let them cool for 10 minutes and made a Powered Sugar/Milk frosting.  I put this in a zip lock baggie and trimmed off a corner and then just went back and forth over the rolls squeezing out the frosting.

The last surprise was the way that they tasted.  They were a lot lighter and moister than my Cinnamon Rolls.  The nut filling gave the rolls a great flavor.  Beware: these are very rich.

What I will do differently next time:
1. Hold back the milk from the filling and make it less wet.  I want to be able shape these like I do my Cinnamon rolls.
2. Bake a bit longer.
3. Make a smaller batch or I won't get any smaller.


Happy Baking, Dwayne

Dwayne's picture

Well I was able to cross off a long standing item on my to-bake list with this Miche from The Bread Baker's Apprentice.


I followed the instructions very closely.  I used half Whole Wheat Flour and half Bread Flour.  It has been cool here so I did not have to refrigerate the starter overnight, I just left it on the counter.  The recipe calls for 18 to 22 ounces of water and I used about 20.  Next time I would go with 22 ounces to make the bread a bit less stiff and open up the holes in the crumb more.  My times matched those in the book very closely.


Dough turned out onto some parchment paper.  I used half Rice Flour and and half AP Flour for dusting the couch.  There was no sticking.

Slashing was done with a razor blade on a coffee stirrer.

I got some very nice oven spring during the baking of this loaf.

Crumb was a little tight.


The flavor was great the day after bake.  I will have to see how the flavor develops over the next day or two.  The Dough weighted 2100 grams and the baked weight was 1892 grams (about 10% weight loss).



Dwayne's picture

 Bialy (from Wikipedia): Bialy, a Yiddish word short for bialystoker kuchen, from Bialystok, a city in Poland, is a small roll that is a traditional dish in Polish Ashkenazi cuisine. A traditional bialy has a diameter of up to 15 cm (6 inches) and is a chewy yeast roll similar to a bagel. Unlike a bagel, which is boiled before baking, a bialy is simply baked, and instead of a hole in the middle it has a depression. Before baking, this depression is filled with diced onions and other ingredients, including (depending on the recipe) garlic, poppy seeds, or bread crumbs.

 I first made Bialys a couple of years ago and it seemed I was due to make them again, so I thought that I would do a little experimenting.   I pulled the recipe that I had used last and analyzed others that were on the net.  Comparing the differences I found that some used fresh minced onions or rehydrated onions or caramelized onions.  Some used Malt Syrup and some did not.  Some used delayed fermentation and some did not.  The percent hydration varied from 55% to 69% as the chart below shows.  The hydration categories came from "The Bread Baker's Apprentice".

What I came up with

 I like the flavor that Malt Syrup adds to Bagels so I went with the malt (I doubled what a number of recipes called for).  I did a trial batch to try out fresh or caramelized onions and I did not notice a big difference so I went with the quicker/easier method (fresh).   Maybe some other time I will experiment with delayed fermentation but it was easier for me this time to just go with a straight dough.

 Here I will be experimenting with just the hydration percent.  I have read that Bialys are close cousins of Bagels so the first recipe below is probably closer to traditional Bialys.  I did want to compare them with a higher hydration version.  So, I made two batches, as shown below, but used the same filling for both batches. 


Batch 1


Baker's %



Bread Flour
















Malt Syrup




Total Weight








Unit Weight






Batch 2


Baker's %



Bread Flour
















Malt Syrup




Total Weight








Unit Weight




This is the filling I used per batch.









Poppy Seeds



Olive Oil




  • 1. Mix all the ingredients, for a batch, for 3 minutes in a mixer on low speed.
  • 2. Let the dough rest for 5 minutes.
  • 3. Mix for an additional 5 minutes with a mixer or knead by hand (I did it by hand).
  • 4. Allow to rise in a covered bowl for 1 hour.
  • 5. Punch down and degas the dough.
  • 6. Allow to rise for another hour.
  • 7. Scale into 18 units (see weights above).
  • 8. Pre-shape into balls and then tighten the surface tension by pinching to seal the bottom of the dough.
  • 9. Final rise period of 1.5 hours.
  • 10. Shape the Bialys into circles with a thin center membrane and place on parchment paper. (Note: I first roll them in a small bowl of flour and then form a depression in the center. You keep working on the depression by stretching it until it kind of looks like a pizza and is 5 to 6 inches in diameter. You are not trying to degas the Bialys as they will be put into the oven right away.) There are some very good videos on YouTube that show you how to shape a Bialy better than I can describe it in words.
  • 11. Add about a teaspoon of filling to the center of each.


  • 1. 45 minutes before you want to bake preheat your oven (with baking stone) to 450°.
  • 2. When ready to bake, slide the Bialys on the parchment paper, then onto the baking stone for 4 minutes.
  • 3. Remove the parchment paper and bake the Bialys on the baking stone for an additional 6 minutes or until they are a dappled golden brown.
  • 4. Remove from the oven and place on a cooling rack.


I followed the times pretty closely.  The kitchen temperature was 66°. If I did the math right each of these Bialys are about 220 calories and cost less than 10 cents to make.  Thanks to RonRay for his tool for calculating the Calories.  Note: Took these into work so I had some tasters help evaluate my experiment.  The tasters seemed divided pretty equally over which batch they preferred.

Bialys ready to go into the oven.

Just prior to removing the parchment paper.


Batch 1 is on the left and Batch 2 is on the right.


A close-up of the previous.

All ready to go to work.


I was very pleased the way that these came out.


Dwayne's picture

I make this bread this weekend and I would like to thank all who have made this reciently and have posted to this site.  It certainly helps to see and read how others have made a certain bread.  I wish that I had checked here just before I started and David Snyder posted some picture showing the shaped loaves with the Dutch crunch on. 


I followed the recipe very closely.  When it came time to mix and apply the Dutch Crunch I was surprised how thick it was.  I used all the water that the recipe called for.  It was so think that I applied it to my dough using the back of a spoon that I would dip into the mixture and then apply to the loaves.  I was very pleaed with the way this bread turned out.  I'll be making this again.  I froze the extra Dutch Crunch mixture, I'll try putting it on some other bread.  My Son helped by taking the last two pictures.




Again thanks to all posters who shared their experiences and pictures.



Dwayne's picture

I've had a hard time with bagels.  I have asked a few questions here about my wrinkled bagels that I've made (thanks Mark Witt).  I made Bagels while being a recipe tester for Peter Reinhart's "Artisan Bread Every Day".  I also have made them from "The Bread Baker's Apprentice" but they were always wrinkled.  While testing recipes for Norm & Stan I had some success with their Montreal Bagels.  I did not do anything very different, these just turned out.  So I have been frustrated with bagels.


Completely unrelated, I had borrowed "Dough" by Richard Bertinet from our library and in there saw how he shapes rolls and in one chapter he cuts rolls into stars.  The star rolls looked great and I tried out this technique on some Buttermilk Clusters (recipe found on this site).


It occurred to me to try this cut on bagels and so here are my results.  I used the recipe from "The Bread Baker's Apprentice" by Peter Reinhart.  I did not retard the dough over night.


After mixing and kneading, I let the dough rise while I did some outdoor chores.  I then scaled them into 130 gram portions and shaped them into tight balls using Richard's method.  Question: Why do we do this for Boules but not bagels or did I miss this?  I then let them rest for about 20 minutes.


I got out a Starbucks gift card that was all used up (it is also doubling as a dough scraper until I find a real one).  I then put a little oil on the edge that will do the cutting and made my first cut.


I then made 2 more cuts.


Once the three cuts have been made you turn the dough inside out so that the points of the star are on the outside.  Put the best side up on the oiled parchment paper.


Here is one batch of bagels proofing for about 20 minutes.  After 20 minutes I boiled them (actually the water was not quite boiling) for 20 seconds a side, put topping on and baked on a hot stone.


I made two batches of bagels and it used up all but about a cup of flour from a 5 lb. bag.


I tried Onion for the first time.  I took some dehydrated onions and let them steep in hot water and then drained them.  I sprinkled some of the onions on the top of the boiled bagels just before putting them in the oven.  I also used Poppy seeds and Black Sesame Seeds.


Here are a few more pictures.


So, many thanks to Peter, Richard, Mark, Norm and Stan.  I am pleased the way these turned out.

Happy Baking,


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