The Fresh Loaf

News & Information for Amateur Bakers and Artisan Bread Enthusiasts

10% rye

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dabrownman's picture
dabrownman

After baking several white, or nearly so, YW and SD breads in French styles, I wanted to go back to my favorite breads to make and eat (and re-stock the freezer) - rye based multi grain SD breads that were at least 50% whole grains with rye sprouts,  rye scald (with red rye malt), some Borodinski altus, some caraway, flax and pepitas (pumpkin) seeds.

The levain was retarded for 12 hours after a 12 hour 3 stage build.  The flours were autolysed for 24 hours in the fridge and then after development and ferment the dough was retarded for 24 hours too - all to try to bring out the sour.

The bread came out with a nice thick dark crust that went chewy as it cooled.  The crumb was fairly open, soft and moist.  It tasted very sour and was delicious plain, with butter or toasted with butter.  I really like this bread very much. it is delicious,  and the best I have baked for awhile - the slashing was a little odd as usual.  Method and formula follow the pixs.

50% Multigrain SD W/ Rye Scald and Sprouts - Pepitas, Caraway and Flax Seeds
         
SD Starter        
 Build 1Build 2Build 3Total         %   
SD Starter20  203.96%   
Rye1015 254.95%   
WW1015 254.95%   
Bread Flour  606011.88%   
AP   00.00%   
Water20306011021.78%   
Total606012024047.52%   
         
Total Starters        
  %      
Flour12023.76%      
Water12023.76%      
Starter Hydration100.00%       
% of Total Flour 47.52%      
         
Dough Flour %      
Rye509.90%      
6 Grain Cereal203.96%      
Borodinsky Altus254.95%      
Dark Rye509.90%      
Oats101.98%      
White WW254.95%      
Potato Flakes50.99%      
Bread Flour20039.60%      
Dough Flour38576.24%      
Salt81.58%      
Water28055.45%      
Dough Hydration72.73%       
         
Multigrain Sprouts %      
Rye254.95%      
Total Sprouts254.95%      
         
Scald        
Rye254.95%      
Total Scald254.95%      
         
Add - Ins        
Molasses101.98%      
Red Rye Malt101.98%      
White Rye Malt101.98%      
VW Gluten50.99%      
Cara/Flax/Pepitas356.93%      
Total7013.96%      
         
Total Flour505       
Total Water400       
T. Dough Hydrat.79.21%       
         
Hydration w/ Adds76.42%       
Total Weight1,033       
         

 Method

 Levain - Make the levain in 3 builds over 4 hours each – 12 hour - then retard 12 hours in the fridge for 24 hrs total. Then immediately

 Put the flours in a small bowl with the flax and caraway seeds (5 geach) and the white rye malt.  Add all the water except 40 g.  Mix well, cover with plastic and autolyse in the fridge for 24 hours

 Start the rye sprouts by soaking them for 5 hours.  Drain and spread over damp 2 paper towels, cover with another and then cover with plastic wrap and leave covered until needed.  When needed the rye seeds will have sprouted

 Start the scald buy placing the rye seeds in a small sauce pan, add the red rye malt and just cover with water.  Bring to a boil and then simmer until the water is gone but the mix is still wet.  Transfer to a small bowl and put in the fridge until needed.

 Dough -The next day 1 hour before needed take the scald, autolyse and levain out of the fridge to warm up.  Place the autolyse in the mixing bowl.  Add the40 g of water to the flour and work it into the flour autolyse  by squeezing through fingers with your hands. What fun! Once the water is absorbed add the levain and work it in the same way.

 With dough hook knead on KA 2 for 4 minutes, add salt. molasses and VWG and then mix on KA 3 for 2 minutes – 6 minutes total.  Transfer to an oiled bowl cover with plastic and let rest for 20 minutes.  Do 8 S&F’s on a floured surface and return to oiled covered bowl.  Do 3 more S&F’s (4 folds each of floured surface) on 20 minute intervals.  Add the sprouts, Borodinskialtusand25 gof pepitas (pumpkin seeds) and do 2 more S&Fs on  20 minute intervals.  Form into a ball, place in oiled bowel can cover with plastic.  Let is for 45 minutes and then place in fridge for retard overnight – 20 hrs or so.  It will double overnight.

 Take out of the fridge and let rest on counter to warm up for 1 ½ hours in the morning.  Pre-shape into boule and let rest 10 minutes.  Shape into boule making sure to stretch the skin tight by dragging boule across a non floured work surface.  Place seam side up in cloth lined and floured basket (I use half rice flour and half AP).  Pinch seams closed and flour top.  Place in a trash can liner and let rise until it nearly doubles and passes the poke test.  About 3 hours.  At the 2 hour mark:

 Bake: Pre-heat oven to 500 F no fan with steaming method in place.  Place parchment and peel on basket and turn over to de-mold.  Flour if you want, slash and slide into oven onto the stone.  After 4 minutes, turn oven down to450 F.  Continue steaming for 16 more minutes, then remove steam and turn down oven to 425 F convection this time.  Bake until middle of loaf reaches 205 F - about 32 more minutes.  Turn off oven and leave door ajar and leave bread on stone to crisp the skin.  After 12 minutes move boule to wire cooling rack.

dabrownman's picture
dabrownman

For St Paddy's day I decided to not do a croissant bread or one shaped into an Irish Harp but one that was sort of shaped into a soccer ball (the national sport of Ireland by far) with alternating green and a white-ish patches.  Plus it had to have a bottle of Guinness as well  along with 10% WW and Rye for a well rounded flavor.  I won't have crumb shots till tomorrow but the crust turned out a deep brown with cracks, just like the last DO SD bread managed to exhibit.  The spring was about 3" or about 75%.  It started 1" blow the rim of the DO when it went in the oven and ended up 2 inches above it.  It is a fine looking loaf.  Here are some pix's and the recipe follows them.  Couldn't wait - here are some crumb shots.

St Paddy’s Day  Dutch Oven  Sourdough- Tartine Method

Yield: one 1065 g loaf.

Ingredients

Levain Build

125 g KA AP flour

50 g Whole wheat flour

50 g Whole rye flour

140 g water, cool (60 For so)

50 g active starter (75% hydration)

Final Dough (75% hydration, including levain)

30 g rye

225 g KA AP flour

225 g KA bread flour

340 g Guinness (1 -12 oz bottle)

50 g water

1 tsp barely malt syrup

10 g pink Himalayan sea salt (1.5%)

Directions

1. Levain : Make the final build 10-12 hours before the final mix.

2. Mix: Add all the ingredients to the mixing bowl, including the levain, but not the salt. Mix just until the ingredients are incorporated into a shaggy mass. Correct the hydration as necessary. Cover the bowl and let stand for an autolyse phase of 60 minutes. At the end of the autolyse, sprinkle the salt over the surface of the dough, and knead 8 minutes with dough hook on KA .

3. The dough should have a medium consistency and pass window pane. Divide in half and place ½ in an oiled bowl and cover.  Add green food coloring (about ½ tsp) to the remaining half and mix with dough hook on speed 3 until incorporated.  Move green dough to an oiled bowl and cover.

3. Ferment with S&F: 3 hours. Stretch and fold each dough in the bowl 4 strokes at 15 minute intervals 3 times. Stretch and fold again, 4 strokes, at the one hour mark folding each dough into a ball in lightly oiled bowl. Do 1 S &F two more times at 90 and 120 minutes. Form each dough ball into 8 smaller balls (about 75 g each) being sure to stretch the skin tight.  Arrange balls in DO (8” w x 4” tall) alternating colors using 7 balls on the bottom layer and 7 balls on the next layer making sure to alternate colors vertically too.  There will be 6 balls in a perimeter circle and1 inthe middle for each layer.  Place the remaining 2 balls on top near the center.  Wet palm of hand and press top of dough assembly flat.  Cover and let rise for 1 hour until the dough has risen 50%.

4. Retard for 8-20 hours in the refrigerator, depending on how much time you have and sour your taste.

5. Take DO out of refrigerator let it come to room temperature about 1 ½ hours

6. Ready to bake when poke test dictates.

7. Pre-heat: oven to 500 with steam apparatus in place - 45 minutes minimum. I use a loaf pan half full of water and a dry 12”cast iron skillet that go in the bottom rack of the oven at the beginning of pre heat and the stone on the rack above.

8. Bake: Do not slash loaf.  Place DO in a 500 F degree oven on the stone for 15 minutes.  Remove cover, turn down oven to 450 F and throw 1 cup of water in the iron skillet for additional steaming.  Bake an additional 10 minutes.   Turn down oven temperature to 425 F (convection this time) and remove steaming apparatus.  Also remove loaf from DO and place on the stone.  Bake about 30 minutes more, turning loaf every 8 minutes for browning evenness as necessary. When done (205 F internal temp), leave loaf on stone with oven door ajar, oven off for 12 minutes. Move to cooling rack until loaf is room temperature.

dabrownman's picture
dabrownman

Here is an everyday Tartine method DO sourdough with 30% rye, WW, bulgar and farro in the levine, boilded soaker and dough.

This loaf was only retarded 4 hours.  The cold DO was placed in a 500 F oven.   The spring was about 75% in the DO after 20 minutes c0vered.  The bread was then baked at 425 F convection oven uncovered for 10 minutes and then the bread was taken out of the DO and placed on the stone and baked until the internal temperature was 205 F.  It was then left in the off oven with the door ajar for 12 minutes to further crisp the crust.  The crust was dark and crisp. The crumb came out light, airy, soft moist and moderately open with the cracked berries coming through.  The taste is its best quality with a medium sour note.  This will make a nice sandwich loaf.  Recipe follows Pix's

Everyday Rustic Country Sourdough

Yield: one 850 g Loaf

Ingredients

Levain Build

50 g KA AP flour

25 g Whole wheat flour

25 g Whole rye flour

75 g water, cool (60 For so)

25 g active starter (100% hydration)

Boiled Soaker

10 g rye berries cracked

10 g WW berries cracked

10 g farro

10 g bulgar

Final Dough (77% hydration, including levain excluding the soaker)

25 g rye

25 g whole wheat

15 g bulgar

15 g farro

170 g KA AP flour

170 g KA bread flour

325 g warm water (80 For so)

1 tsp barely malt syrup

8 gpink Himalayan sea salt (1.5%)

Boil and Soak – soaker ingredients in twice as much water by volume. Bring to a boil and turn off heat and let soak until cool.

Directions

1. Levain : Make the final build 10-12 hours before the final mix.

2. Mix: Add all the ingredients to the mixing bowl, including the levain, but not the salt or the soaker. Mix just until the ingredients are incorporated into a shaggy mass. Correct the hydration as necessary. Cover the bowl and let stand for an autolyse phase of 60 minutes. At the end of the autolyse, sprinkle the salt over the surface of the dough, and knead 8 minutes with dough hook on KA 3. The dough should have a medium consistency. Add the scalded and caramelized berries and mix on KA 3 for 1 minute

3. Ferment with S&F: 2 hours. Stretch and fold the dough in the bowl 4 strokes at  15 minute intervals for  1 hour. Stretch and fold again, 4 strokes, at the one hour mark folding it into a ball in lightly oiled bowl. Do 1 S &F two more times at 90 and 120 minutes. Form into ball stretching the skin tight and place in floured benetton or shape into a batard leave to ferment 1-2 more hours until the dough is at least 75% larger than when you started the ferment. Remove from bennetton and bake as below.

If doing DO Tartine method form into ball and place in DO for final rise and bake as below.

4. If retarding: do 1 S&F in the lightly oiled bowl forming the dough into a ball again. Refrigerate 8-20 hours, depending on how much time you have and sour your taste.

5. Take dough out of refrigerator and let it come to room temperature about 1 ½ hours.  Pre-shape, then shape into boules or batards 20 minutes later. OR, if doing Tartine method, form into ball and place into cast iron DO for final proof.  Bake as below.

6. Proof: Approximately 1.5 to 2.5 hours at 82 F. Ready when poke test dictates.

7. Pre-heat: oven to 500 with steam apparatus in place - 45 minutes minimum. I use a loaf pan half full of water and a dry 12”cast iron skillet that go in the bottom rack of the oven at the beginning of pre heat and the stone on the rack above. When the loaf goes in,  throw 1 cup of boiling water into the cast iron skillet right after loading the bread on the stone.

8. Bake: Do not slash loaf. Bake seam side up on stone at500 Ffor 5 minutes, turn down temperature to 450 F and bake for another 10 minutes. Remove steaming apparatus after 15 minutes. Turn down oven to425 Fconvection now and bake 15 minutes more, turning loaf every 5 minutes for browning evenness as necessary. When done (205 F internal temp), leave loaf on stone with oven door ajar, oven off for 10 minutes. Move to cooling rack until loaf is room temperature.

If doing DO, Bake at 20 minutes at500 Fremove lid and turn down oven to 425 F convection and bake for 10 minutes.  Remove from DO and place on stone to bake until loaf is205 Fon the inside.  Turn off oven, keep door ajar and let loaf rest on the stone for 12 minutes before removing to cooling rack.

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