The Fresh Loaf

News & Information for Amateur Bakers and Artisan Bread Enthusiasts


foolishpoolish's picture


Anpan 1


Anko paste (easily enough for 8 to 10 Anpan)

1 cup Azuki (aka Adzuki, Aduki) beans
100g Caster Sugar (adjust to taste)
4 cups Water (enough to cover the beans and then some)
  • Rinse the beans thoroughly. 
  • Cover the beans with water in a saucepan and bring up to a simmer.  
  • Cover with a lid and continue to cook at a gentle simmer until the beans are very tender (about 1hour)  If needed, add more water during cooking to keep beans submerged.
  • When beans are cooked, strain and retain some of the cooking liquor.  
  • Mash and pass the strained beans through a sieve (retaining some whole beans to add to the final paste if you like the texture)  
  • Add sugar, to taste, to the sieved/mashed beans. The mixture will noticeably slacken. 
  • Return the mixture to a saucepan on a medium low heat and continue to cook until the mixture colour darkens to a deep red/burgundy (about 15 minutes). Add some of the strained bean liquor if the mixture becomes too dry. 
  • Leave the paste to cool (it will clump into a smooth ball). It's ready to use!

 You can keep Anko for at least a week in the 'fridge.

Dough (makes 8 large Anpan):

500g All Purpose White Flour (or a 50/50 mixture bread flour and cake flour)
300g Milk (I use semi-skimmed)
60g Caster Sugar 
1/2 tsp Salt
60g Butter/Shortening (or 80 to 100g vegetable oil)
1 tsp Instant or Active Yeast 

For glazing:

2 tbsp Butter (melted)
2 tbsp Milk
1 tbsp Caster Sugar

For sticky, shiny finish:

      <beaten egg optional> 

1 tbsp Golden or Corn Syrup (warmed)
1 tbsp Water
  • Mix the dry ingredients and add the milk.
  • If you're using active yeast then activate by whisking into warm milk to which a teaspoon or so of sugar has been added.
  • Knead until you have a smooth dough with medium gluten development. 
  • Let the dough rest for 5-10 minutes. 
  • Mix/Knead in butter/shortening/oil bit by bit until (this can get messy initially!).  Keep going until you have a smooth dough once again (few minutes more kneading)
  • Leave the dough to bulk ferment until doubled in size (about 2 hours)
  • Degass the dough. (Can stretch and fold if desired)
  • Divide the dough into 8 portions and roughly shape each into a ball.
  • Let the dough balls rest for 10 minutes
  • Flatten and stretch each ball into a circle about 3 to 4 inches in diameter.
  • Place a 1 1/2 inch (or more if you like!) ball of anko paste in the centre and bring the dough edges over to envelop the anko and squeeze to seal.  
  • Lightly press and roll the ball, seal side down, on a slightly tacky surface to ensure seal.
  • Leave the buns on a lined baking sheet to prove until doubled in size again.  
  • Heat the oven to 180C /  350F (I'm basing on my less than wonderful fan assisted electric oven.  You many need to adjust)
  • Brush each bun with the melted butter/milk/sugar mixture and bake in the oven for 20 minutes or until nicely browned.  
  • For a shiny sticky glaze brush each bun with the syrup/water mixture towards or at the end of baking and leave in the oven for an additional minute. 
  • Allow buns to cool.  The crust should soften fairly quickly although I find covering with tin foil for 10 minutes immediately after baking does help.


Many recipes call for adding egg to the dough. Having made two different batches in the last two days I'm of the opinion that an eggless dough gives the result closest to the sweet asian bread dough I'm familiar with. Not a strict rule by any stretch of the imagination. Some Anpan (Sakura Anpan) use salt-preserved cherry blossom as a garnish placed on top of the bun in the centre and pressed in to form a 'belly button'. Other variations include white bean paste filling and sesame seed garnish. You can also use the dough as the basis for Melon Pan and other sweet asian breads. 

Apologies for mixing volume measurements with weight measurements.  If, for example, the yeast you use is composed of larger granules then increase to 1 1/2 or 2 tsp.  


<modified 14/2/2008 --FoolishPoolish> 


Thegreenbaker's picture

OMG foolish Poolish!

It is 5am here, and I DREAMED about these! I was in japan, and I didnt like it and had to somehow trow it away with out the japanese dude with me seeing me. lol!

I am gobsmacked to see this.

I must try it then :)

I love red bean paste, so thanks for the recipe!



aminet's picture

nice to see someone making anpan : ) and I see melon pan over there aswell! YUM!

I have to give you points for making your own anko. That is awsome!

foolishpoolish's picture

Thanks aminet, TGB 

I just found my old notes for anpan and realise that I have made this dough with oil as the fat ingredient before. 

Use about 80g oil (whatever that amounts to in volume).   My theory was the bread would then stay fairly soft at room temperature or cooler.  It's either that or increase the fat content (which is heading into brioche territory)

Also adding egg to the glaze you brush just before you finish baking works quite well. (I think my reasoning was that it forms a seal...but it might just end up like scrambled egg on the crust..not sure!) 

erina's picture

Hi FoolishPoolish,

I drooled over the picture of the Anpan. It's been a while since the last time I made them. I usually add mashed potato in my pan recipe to make them soft, along with addition of butter/oil, milk, and eggs. That's right, Asians love sweet and soft enriched breads (I also like the ones filled with meat, cheese, etc, like in Indonesia, Singapore, HongKong or Taiwan). 

Yeah, GreenBaker, the Anpan you got from convenient stores in Japan is not so memorable; it is much better to make them yourself. 

How about posting the Meronpan recipe, FoolishPoolish? They look yummy in the background. Thanks! 


foolishpoolish's picture

Mashed potato in the dough sounds good.  Potato certainly seems to work well for what I know as 'hawaiian bread' which has very similar flavour and texture to the asian breads.

The melonpan/meronpan used exactly the same dough but here's the recipe for the cookie crust FWIW. I'm not 100% certain on this because I made only enough to cover 4 buns - so I'm just blindly doubling the quantities for the amount required for 8 buns

140g Butter
140g Caster Sugar
300g All Purpose Flour
1 1/2 tsp Baking Powder 
1 Egg
1 tsp Flavouring of your choice (I used vanilla in the above exampl because that's all I had but lemon would be better)
1-2 tbsp Milk (if needed) 
  • Cream butter and sugar
  • Mix in egg and flavouring with butter and sugar mixture
  • Mix the flour and baking powder together in a separate bowl
  • Fold the flour in to the egg/butter/sugar mixture until you have an even dough. Mix in a little milk if the dough seems too dry.
  • Chill the dough for at least 1/2 hour before using

Assembling the final buns was fairly easy.  Shape the buns (8 small balls) after the bulk ferment. Let the buns prove (second fermentation) on baking trays lined with baking parchment.  Roll out the cookie dough to about 1/2 cm thickness and cut into round  about 3 cm larger than the bun diameter. Score each round with the back of a knife in the classic pattern,  as deep as you dare! Brush each round with some milk on the other side and carefully drape over the buns (taking care not to deflate them!). 

Bake at 375F until just starting to brown on top (or longer if you want a crunchier crust).