The Fresh Loaf

News & Information for Amateur Bakers and Artisan Bread Enthusiasts

Croissants and Puff Pastry

AlamedaSteve's picture

Croissants and Puff Pastry

I don't post here much, but I know many of you share my passion for laminated doughs, so I wanted to pass along some pics of my recent efforts.

Here are my latest croissants - stop laughing because I know I must practice shaping them, but pretty happy with taste, interior, and exterior.



And, here are some apple turnovers I made with my latest puff pastry effort.  Also, pretty happy with the results.

I used the recipe's and techniques from Bruno's YouTube vid's( see below).  The only changes I have made is to the croissant recipe - changing sugar from 50g to 65g (I may like mine sweeter than most), salt from 12g to 10g, and butter block from 250g to 260g. 

Room and surface temperature is not so critical for experts, but a crutch I found helpful for this newbie was to freeze rolling pin, and fill a rimmed cookie sheet with ice and let it sit on work surface for 30mins before proceeding.  And, while many bakers prefer a wooden work surface, I have found that the mass of my solid quartz countertop helps keep the surface cold for a long time - very important to the quality of the finished product is to keep the butter from softening.

Another thing I found is to beat the hell out of cold butter to bring it to room temp it for incorporating into the main flour mix, rather than warming in the microwave - which changes the physical properties of butter.

Also, I used egg white and water for my egg wash.  I found using a whole egg produced too dark a color, and a "yolky" flavor which I felt was not desirable.

And, while I know there has been major disagreement regarding baking stones, I bake mine on a stone.  But first, I sprinkle a flat sheet pan with semolina, lay a sheet of parchment on top, then place the shaped croissants on the parchment, and let them rise for a couple of hours.  When they jiggle slightly I heat the oven to 500deg, and slide the parchment with the croissants right onto the stone, turn the temp down to 325, and turn on the convection fan.  I check them after 10mins, and rotate the parchment paper, and let them go another 6 to 8 mins.  DO NOT open the oven door before 10mins, or they will fall, loosing that oven stone spring you hope for.  The bottoms brown nicely, without overcooking.

Ingredients - KA Sir Lancelot flour - don't worry, the exterior is shatteringly crisp, and interior soft and delicate, not chewy at all.  I used Plugra unsalted butter.

Croissant -

Turnovers -

I'm sure there are others here, far more accomplished than I, but these recipes and techniques are easy to follow, and the vids good visual tutorials.

I hope this helps those of you who may be reluctant to try laminated doughs.

And, I would certainly appreciate any guidance from anyone who cares to share.

Good luck.


oldskoolbaker's picture

Your product looks first rate.  You should be proud.

AlamedaSteve's picture

It has taken a few batches and lots of reading, but I'm pretty close to what I'm looking for in both types of dough.

Tks again.


Mini Oven's picture
Mini Oven

Inside and out!  :)

AlamedaSteve's picture

I am flattered by any positive feedback from this site, so rich with experience and scholarly advice.


dablues's picture

This is super.  Wish I had someone locally that could help me with lamination.  I'm more of a hands on person.  I can watch a video all day but need a instructor to help me.

AlamedaSteve's picture

My biggest breakthrough with croissants came in three parts:

First, when I started doing everything I could to keep the work product, rolling pin, and work surface as cool as possible. Heck, I have read that some bakers even keep a bowl of ice water nearby to chill their hands.  And, at the first sign of the dough warming up, usually tearing in my case, stop immediately and load it back into the fridge for 30 to 60mins.

Second, I started using European style butter.  Again, I use Plugra, but I'm sure Kerrygold and others work as well.  It is creamier, and just seems to yield a better product.

Third, once the butter block is incorporated into the dough, limit the folding to one double fold and one simple fold - more than that, and I found the layers became so thin that they would easily stick together when the dough is proofing at 77 to 80degF.  Btw, I have successfully gone as high as 80deg, but much higher than that and I'm sure the butter would begin to melt and leak out of the mix.

With puff pastry, I can do more folds because it doesn't need proofing.

One more tip, when rolling out the folds, be sure to repeatedly lift the dough off the work surface and throw more flour between it and the work surface; then remember to brush off as much as you can before proceeding.

Lastly, I want to be clear - Not all of my batches turn out great.  I have probably baked 10 batches of croissants, and the distance between good ones is improving.

But, I am still very much a novice, just trying to help others who might benefit from my experiences.