The Fresh Loaf

News & Information for Amateur Bakers and Artisan Bread Enthusiasts

Hi every body

sefie ebrahimi's picture
sefie ebrahimi

Hi every body

Hi i am new here from Iran ,is there any body who can help me i wanted to know what is self raising flour exactly ? and what is it consisted of? thanks

Darkstar's picture

Greetings Sefie Ebrahimi!


I read your posting and found the following definitions on the web via Google. In answer to your question what self rising flour is exactly is flour (AP I'd guess), baking powder, and salt.


All-Purpose Flour
Also called AP flour, this is the multi-tasker of the flour world, the jack-of-all-trades. It has a medium amount of protein in it, which makes it ideal for most baking purposes. AP flour usually comes in bleached and unbleached varieties.

Bread Flour
Pretty much self-explanatory. Bread flour has a high gluten content, which makes it ideal for breads and bread-like things. It's great for making pizza dough and specialty loaf breads. Bread flour sometimes has added barley flour which helps to aid the yeast in rising, plus it has extra additives that increase elasticity (think pizza dough).

Self-Rising Flour
As I stated before, my wife calls self-rising flour "cheating." This is because self-rising flour has a leavening agent mixed into it ... baking powder and salt. Self-rising flour is great for pastries such as scones, muffins, and biscuits. Thing about self-rising flour is that you have to be accurate when measuring it in your recipes AND you have to be careful how you use it. For instance, if you make a dough and then the recipe calls for you to dust a pastry board with flour, you shouldn't use self-rising to dust the board. Since it has leavening chemicals in it already, adding more of the self-rising could screw up the ratios and make the end product not exactly what you wanted.

Cake Flour
Cake flour is a high-starch, low-protein flour. It is ideal for making cakes, obviously. It is chlorinated to make it slightly acidic which helps set cakes faster and distribute fat more evenly. What more can you say? Cakes used with cake flour set better, rise better, and will be less likely to collapse.

Bleached versus Unbleached
Bleached flour is chlorinated for a couple of reasons: number one, it whitens the flour for aesthetic purposes, but it also matures the flour and conditions the glutens. Unbleached is just that - flour that has not been bleached. This is not to say that unbleached has not been enriched or fortified in any way. It just means that no chlorination has been done.



sefie ebrahimi's picture
sefie ebrahimi

thanks darkstar it was a great help