How to adjust upper heat and lower heat in gas oven?
I just finished baking a Light Whole Wheat loaf from "Artizan bread in 5 minutes" and the result was not so good :-(
I have an automatic gas oven (gas oven controlled by electrical censor that will turn off the gas automatically once desired temperature is reached)
I have the oven lined with baking stone and i preheat the oven at 230'C (450'F) for 40 minutes before I put the loaf in.
I adjust BOTH the upper heat (flame) and lower heat at 230'C while preheating, and i also put a small oven thermometer inside the oven to double check the temperature. After around 20 mins of preheating and the small oven thermometer registered only 200'C, the censor turns off the gas.... I then assume that the censor is not accurate and then manually increase the oven temperature setting to 270'C. The censor then turned the gas back on and continue heating the oven until it reached the desirable 230'C as shown on a small oven thermometer.
I steamed the oven and put the bread in WITHOUT decreasing the temperature setting of both upper and lower flame. (now set at 270'C although the oven thermometer still registered only 230'C) I baked the loaf for 35 minutes until the internal temperature of the loaf is 200'F then take it out of the oven to find that the top of the loaf was burned!
My questions are...
1. Should I trust the built-in censors or the small oven thermometer that i put inside???
2. Was the upper heat (flame) was too high during baking?
3. Do you usually have to turn on the upper heat during baking, or it is only needed in pre-heating??? And if I turn the upper heat off during baking, can I achieve a beautiful colour crust?
4. I feel that the loaf was a bit doughy...although the internal temp is 200'C! What could I have done wrong???
Thank you everyone!