The Fresh Loaf

News & Information for Amateur Bakers and Artisan Bread Enthusiasts

Most bookmarked

  • Pin It
varda's picture
varda

Simple sourdough - a work in progress


 


I'm a simple person and I'm driven by simple hopes and desires.   So while I may drool over the pictures of impossibly gorgeous pastries that get posted with alarming regularity on this site, I have no inclination to emulate those bakers.   All I want is to master bread with essentially three ingredients:   flour, water, and salt.   And that's not so simple.  For the last several weeks I've been cranking out alarming quantities of the stuff and slowly tweaking the few parameters available when the ingredient list is so short: dough hydration, starter hydration, and percentage of flour in the starter.    (Oh and also mix of flour and proofing strategies.)    I finally put together a decent spreadsheet to help me with this tinkering.    And now I can just put in the hydrations, and percentage starter (and flour mix of course) and I'm off to the races.    While I started down this road with Hamelman's formulae, I find I'm unwilling to go back to that right now, as I find I prefer higher hydrations and starter percentages.  


The first loaf baked after 1.5 hours final proof.   The second which retarded overnight, had a bit more spring. 



Basic Sourdough bread baked on Jan 17, 18, 2011      
           
Starter 67% starter first feeding second feeding total  
starter seed 245   plus 3.5 hrs plus 12 hrs  
Heckers 138 50 45 233 94%
Hodgson's Mill Rye 2   5 7 3%
spelt 7     7 3%
water 98 35 32 165  
hydration       67%  
total grams       412  
           
  Final dough   Starter   percents
Bob's Red Mill White 500         Heckers 124    
Hodgson's Mill Rye 30                HM 3.7    
KA White whole wheat 70              spelt 3.7    
water 439   88   72%
total starter / flour in starter 219   132    
salt 13       1.8%
hydration of starter         67%
baker's % of starter         18%
Estimated pounds of bread     2.53    
           
Mix flour and water plus 30 minutes      
Mix salt and starter plus 50 minutes      
Stretch and fold plus 35 minutes      
Stretch and fold plus 65 minutes      
Cut and preshape plus 30 minutes      
Shape and place seam side up in brotforms.  Cover with plastic   Heat cup of water for 2 minutes in microwave.   Place one in microwave, other in back of refrigerator wrapped in a towel plus 45 minutes      
Turn oven to 500 w. stone plus 15 minutes      
Remove basket from microwave and place next to stove - put loaf pans plus towels in oven plus 30 minutes      
Turn heat down to 450 slash and place loaf in oven plus 15 minutes      
Remove steam pans plus 15 minutes      
Place loaf on rack          
After 19 hours remove second loaf from refrigerator, and preheat oven, stone, towels and bake as above.          

Second loaf: 

Slices from first loaf:

 

Gary61786's picture
Gary61786

Artisan Bread Week 1

  I am currently enrolled in an artisan bread class at the Art Institute of Nashville. The chef has instructed that we blog on this website as a homework assignment. Here is where I will keep you, my readers, informed on what all we do in our class.


The first day of class we started working on the dough for Toasted Sesame Bread, Middle-Class Brioche, and Croissant Dough. If you have ever baked bread you do know that some breads tend to take a couple of days to make. There is a lot of fermenting. The longer you ferment the better your flavor will be. So, during the times that we were waiting on the dough to ferment or proof we were able to make cranberry-orange scones. The scones turned out great. I have made scones before. With this recipe the scones are made like biscuits. The scones did have a little too much of a orange flavor but I think it is just because we added more orange zest then it called for. But it was great.


Now, on the second day is when all the magic happened. All the dough was finished and is ready to be proofed and baked. While the bread was proofing and in the oven we started on making doughnuts. I have always wanted to make my own doughnuts and now I can say I have. The doughnut recipe is something I am going to take with me for a long time. I will definetly use this over and over again. Another student made some simple icing and poured it over the doughnuts.


The Toasted Sesame Bread finished and turned out great. The color was great. I am not a big fan of sesame seeds but the bread was good. The crust was a little hard for me. The crumbs were so soft and very small. The Middle-Class Brioche is still my favortie. I have made this before in another class and it is the best. It is like a buttery dinner roll. The chef had brought some orange butter with him and allowed us to use it. The brioche is in measured in classes the more butter you have the higher in class it gets. I thought that was neat to know. Now, on to the croissant dough. This was are actually waiting until next week to work with. So, you will hear about this in the next blog. Something I have left out is that on both days while we were waiting on the breads to finish we learned some different mixing methods. Some methods we learned was hand, short, intensive, and improved mixing.


Recipe and pictures are following.


 


Toasted Sesame Bread (Kalanty)


 


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Sesame Seeds                        5 %                       45 grams


Milk (90 deg)                          57 %                   450 grams


Instant Yeast                                                           7 grams


Semolina flour                      28 %                    225 grams


Sugar                                       2.3 %                      20 grams


Eggs                                         6.3 %                      50 grams


Olive Oil                                    5 %                       45 grams


Bread flour                             72 %                   560 grams


Salt                                              2 %                     15 grams


 


Method


1.  Lightly toast sesame seeds.  Reserve.


2.  Mix together milk, yeast and semolina flour on 1st speed until just mixed.


3.  Rest 10 minutes.


4.  Whisk egg and sugar.


5.  Mix in egg/sugar, olive oil, flour and salt on 1st speed.


6.  Mix on 2nd speed 4 minutes.


7.  Add in sesame seeds and mix on 1st speed 4 minutes.


8.  Ferment for 45 mins at room temperature.


9.  Stretch and fold.  Ferment another hour.


10.  Degas and divide in half.  Shape into boules.


11.  Rest 25 minutes.


12.  Oil mist and roll in semolina to coat.


13.  Place on parchment and proof at 80 deg humidity 1 hour.


13.  Bake with steam in 400 deg oven 6 minutes.


14.  Vent and bake at 360 deg until internal temp is 190 deg.


15.  Prop oven door open and bake 3 - 5 minutes.  Cool


 


Mixing Methods Demo


HAND MIX


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Instant Yeast                            0.3 %               1.4  grams


Water, 84 deg                         75 %                  340 grams


Bread flour                            100 %                454 grams


Salt                                                 2 %                      9 grams


Method


1.  Mix all ingredients by hand.  Knead to windowpane and dough temp is 75 deg.


2.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Fold twice.


3.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Fold twice.


4.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Divide into two parts, rest 5 minutes and preshape into boules. 


5.  Proof, slash and bake in 375 deg until done.  Cool.


 


SHORT MIX


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Instant Yeast                            0.3 %               1.4  grams


Water, 78 deg                         75 %                  340 grams


Bread flour                            100 %                454 grams


Salt                                                 2 %                      9 grams


Method


1.  Mix all ingredients on 1st speed for five minutes.  Knead to windowpane and dough temp is 80 deg.


2.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Fold twice.


3.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Fold twice.


4.  Chafe and ferment 1 hour.  Divide into two parts, rest  5 minutes and preshape into boules. 


5.  Proof, slash and bake in 375 deg until done.  Cool.


 


INTENSIVE MIX


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Instant Yeast                            0.8 %               3.6  grams


Water, 60 deg                         65 %                  295 grams


Bread flour                            100 %                454 grams


Salt                                                 2 %                      9 grams


Method


1.  Mix all ingredients on 1st speed for five minutes. 


2.  Increase speed to 2nd speed for 5 minutes.


3.  Chafe and ferment 20 minutes.


4.  Divide into two parts, rest  5 minutes and preshape into boules. 


5.  Proof, slash and bake in 375 deg until done.  Cool.


 


IMPROVED MIX


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Instant Yeast                            0.6 %               2.7  grams


Water, 64 deg                         68 %                  309 grams


Bread flour                            100 %                454 grams


Salt                                                 2 %                      9 grams


Method


1.  Mix all ingredients on 1st speed for five minutes. 


2.  Increase speed to 2nd speed for 2 minutes.


3.  Chafe and ferment 75 minutes.


4.  Divide into two parts, rest  5 minutes and preshape into boules. 


5.  Proof, slash and bake in 375 deg until done.  Cool.


 


Croissant Dough


 


 80 grams water, room temperature


  7 grams active dry yeast


 67 grams pastry flour


 


 27 grams sugar


  8 grams salt


117 grams milk, room temperature


 37 grams butter, room temperature


 80 grams pastry flour


220 grams bread flour


 


231 grams butter (for book)


 


 


1.  Warm water to 112 deg.  Place in mixing bowl.  Sprinkle yeast over surface.


 


2.  Cover with pastry flour.  Let forment until cracks form.


 


3.  Shape butter for book and chill.


 


4.  Mix sugar, salt, soft butter and milk in bowl.


 


4.  Add milk mixture and flours to starter.


 


5.  Mix with dough hook on low until dough wraps around hook.


 


6.  Put in oiled bowl, cover and let rise until doubled.


 


7.  Degas and chill overnight.


 


8.  Combine butter and dough and chill ½ hour.


 


9.  Roll out and give two single book turns.  Chill overnight.


 


10. Roll out and give single or double book turn.


 


 


Source:  French Pastry School


Author: Chef Jacqay Pfieffer and Sebastian Canonne


  


Middle-Class Brioche (BBA)


Sponge


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Bread flour                            100 %                   64 grams


Instant Yeast                                                        6 grams


Milk (95 deg)                                                      113 grams


 


Sponge


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Eggs                                                                       250 grams


Bread flour                            100 %                 390 grams


Sugar                                                                       28 grams


Salt                                                                             9 grams


Butter                                                                   227 grams


  (room temperature)


 


Method


1.  Mix together flour and yeast.


2.  Mix in milk, cover with plastic and ferment 30 - 45 minutes.


3.  Mix in eggs with paddle on 2nd speed until smooth.


4.  Stir together flour, sugar and salt in separate bowl.


5.  Add dry ingredients and mix with paddle 2 minutes on 1st speed.


6.  Let dough rest 5 minutes.


7.  Work in butter in four additions with paddle on medium speed.


8.  Line half sheet pan with parchment paper, mist with cooking spray.


9.  Spread dough into 6" x 8" rectangle, mist with cooking spray and wrap in plastic wrap.


10.  Chill overnight


11.  Remove from refrigerator, divide for shapes and shape.


12.  Mist with cooking spray and proof at room temperature.


13.  Egg wash and proof another 20 minutes.


14.  Bake in 375 deg oven until internal temp is 185 deg.


15.  Cool


 


Cranberry-Orange Scones (Hitz)


 


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


AP Flour                                                               220 grams


Sugar                                                                        28 grams


Salt                                                                              2 grams


Baking Powder                                                     12 grams


Butter (Cold)                                                         74 grams


Eggs                                                                          41 grams


Buttermilk                                                           115 grams


Dried cranberries                                               55 grams


Orange zest                                                        ½ orange


 


Method


1.  Sift together flour, sugar, salt and baking powder.


2.  Cut butter into cubes and work into dry ingredients by hand until pea sized.


3.  Whisk together eggs and buttermilk..


4.  Form well in dry ingredients and add liquids.  Blend using plastic dough scraper until batter just come together.


5.  Hand mix in cranberries and orange zest.


6.  Gently form dough into ½" thick disc on floured surface.  Cut into 8 wedges.


7.  Place on parchment line half sheet pan and let rest 30 minutes.


8.  Brush with egg wash and sprinkle with sugar.


9.  Bake in 375 deg oven for about 15 - 18 minutes until golden brown.  Cool.


 


Yeast Raised Doughnuts (LaVonne)


 


Ingredients                         Bakers %              Weight


Water                                                                   454 grams


Instant Yeast                                                      19 grams


Sugar                                                                      85 grams


Shortening                                                            85 grams


Powdered Milk                                                    15 grams


Eggs                                                                       1/4 cup


Bread flour                                                       852 grams


Salt                                                                           14 grams


Method


1.  Cream sugar, shortening and powdered milk.  Add eggs and cream.


2.  Sift together flour and salt.


3.  Mix in water and yeast.


4.  Mix in flour mixture on 1st speed.


5.  Mix on 2nd speed for 7 minutes.  Cover and ferment 1 hour.


6.  Let dough in half.  Rest 30 minutes.


7.  Roll out dough on floured surface to ¼ inch thick. Do not overwork dough.


8.  Cut out doughnuts and proof.


9.  Fry in 375 deg fat until done.


10.  Drain and coat with sugar.



traful's picture
traful

Galletas de campo o de piso

Hello, I am new to this site but I am looking for a recipe for Galletas de campo, mercedina o de piso .


An old form bread typically found in the Argentinian farm towns.



em120392's picture
em120392

Rich Man's Brioche/ High School Project

Today, I made Peter Reinhart's Rich Man's Brioche from BBA. I've never made such a rich, buttey bread, but it was delicious. I could only eat one slice, but with raspberry jam, it made the best breakfast.


I posted this on the blog my brother and I share ( http://bakingacrosscountry.wordpress.com/ ) We're both trying to complete the Bread Baker's Apprentice challenge, and also, I'm completing a high school project about artisan breads.


Anyway, here's the post!



Nowadays, we know brioche as a rich bread, enriched with enormous amounts of butter and eggs. The name brioche is derived from the Norman verb, "to pound." The Norman region of France was well known for the butter which they produced, and excessive kneading was required to incorporate all the butter into the dough.


Brioche came to Paris in the 1600s as a much heavier and far less rich bread than the one we know today. Supposedly brioche became well known with Marie Antoinette's famous quote, "qu'ils manget de al brioche" during the 1700s, which translates to "let them eat cake." This referred to the peasants who rioted because there was a lack of bread. The different butter contents of bread were baked for different classes-even the food reflected the social-class divides in 18th century France.


In the Bread Baker's Apprentice, Peter Reinhart provides three different recipes which vary in the butter content. Rich Man's Brioche has about 88% butter to flour ratio, Middle-Class Brioche has about 50%, and Poor Man's Brioche has about 20%. Since I had never made brioche, I splurged and made Rich Man's-why not? The recipe makes three loaves- In my head, the idea of three loaves somehow justified the pound (?!) of butter in the bread.


Traditionally, brioche is baked in molds as brioche a tete, which are formed with two balls of dough. Served with jam, brioche makes a perfect breakfast, and topped with meats and cheese, it can be served for lunch or dinner, thus making brioche a truly versatile bread.


I began the brioche with a sponge of flour, yeast, and milk. After the sponge rose and collapsed, I added five eggs. Next, incorporated the dry ingredients (flour, salt, and sugar), and mixed until the flour was hydrated.


After a few minutes, I mixed in a stick of butter at a time, making sure they were fully incorporated before the next addition. The dough looked smooth, and almost icing-like, because of the butter. I had never worked with such a fluffy, light bread dough, so I felt kind of intimidated in new waters.


After all the butter was added, I mixed for a few more minutes until the dough was soft, and tacky, but not sticky. I spread the dough onto a cookie sheet and put it in the refrigerator to firm up and retard overnight.


Since I don't have brioche molds, I used three loaf pans. I cut the dough into three even pieces, and with a rolling pin, I formed a rectangle. Like sandwich bread, I rolled the dough up, and placed them seam-down in the pan, and let it rise for about two hours. After it had risen for the second time, I brushed it an egg wash, to form a shiny crust.


In a 350 degree oven, I baked the bread until it was golden brown, and the internal temperature reached 190 degrees. However, when I tried to take the bread out of the pan, it kind of stuck to my not-nonstick pans, which I didn't grease. With some slight prying, I got the bread out, but slightly crushed and deflated a loaf. Also, when forming the loaves, I didn't seal the seam well, and when baked, it split on the sides.



Once cooled, I cut the bread, which flaked like a croissant, and tasted so rich and delicious. Since there is so much butter, one slice is more than enough, but every bite was so delicate and smooth. I'm glad I splurged for Rich Man's brioche, but I'm not sure how often I'll make it because of it's richness. With raspberry jam, it honestly made the best breakfast.


 

Elf's picture
Elf

Sourdough rising & baking issue!


Hello I'm new to the forum & new to baking bread!


 


After having some success & a lot of enjoyment baking with dried yeast for a few months I decided to look into bread baking more seriously & recently bought Crust by Richard Bertinet.


 


I started by baking some simple baguettes with a fermented white dough & then a Poolish ferment which went well. I have to say I was intrigued by sourdough having not previously understood what sourdough was (I think I had it confused with Soda bread).


 


So using the very clear instructions in Crust I made a ferment starter which seemed to go like clockwork with my ferment matching the pictures in the book every step of the way. I have to say I didn't find the smell of the ferment pleasant but my fiance did & once it had been fed & left in the fridge I really liked the smell.


 


I then made up a dough working it in the French style outlined in the book. Again this went very well & my dough appeared as the pictures & demonstration video for every step right up to its entry to the oven.


 


However at this stage everything appears to go rather badly.


 


My loaves don't rise very well, often being misshapen & uneven, however the biggest issue is that where they do rise they leave a large pocket at the top of the bread with the dough at the bottom an inch high a rather rubbery.


 


I have now baked 4 loaves all of which have gone wrong, I was convinced that the issue lay with my using the fan setting on my oven baking the loaf too quickly however today I used the conventional setting & had the exact same issue!


 


On the bright side when sliced very thinly & toasted the bread tastes great, with a nice nutty flavour coming through, perhaps from the spelt flour.


 


I can't help but think I'm missing something obvious & that my lack of experience is the issue. 


 


At this stage any ideas would be welcome as I'm drawing a blank!


 


Please could you advise me?


 


Cheers


Tim


 


Here is a photograph of todays effort.



expatCanuck's picture
expatCanuck

sourdough - second rise ??

Greetings -


After a couple of years' hiatus, it appears that I'm (getting) back on the sourdough treadmill.
(The sourdough starter in question is my home-grown, Brookline-based starter.)


Today's loaf is shown below (behind the remnants of last week's undercooked (but wonderful toasted) loaf):


Today's sourdough


After filling the pan about half full, I got (I think) a reasonable (single) rise,
which took 3-4 hours (which took it to the top of the pan), and another inch
or so with the oven spring (a 500 degree F oven, reduced immediately to 400,
for 35-40 minutes):



Here's the crumb:



 


It tastes delicious.


My question - should I be trying a second rise?  My experience has been that the dough
starts to get awfully 'fragile' after 3 hours, starting to disintegrate.  I'm wondering --
if I flipped it halfway through, might I get more uniform crumb? (One can see from the
image above that the top half of the loaf is 'airier' than the bottom half).


Or is that more trouble than it's worth?


And any thoughts on how might I avoid that dip in the middle at the sides of the loaf?


Insight welcome.


Thanks,


 - Richard

saltandserenity's picture
saltandserenity

Torie Cookies (oatmeal toffee cookies)

In the last dessert of my dried fruit dessert series, I offer you Torie cookies.  I think I am cheating a bit by calling this a dried fruit dessert, as in addition to dried cherries, it contains chopped up Skor bars, bittersweet chocolate chunks and oatmeal.  But they are yummy.  I only ate one and sent the excess off to my son in Montreal and my daughter in Boston.  My third son, still at home, complained that he has to move away if he wants cookies.  I told him to pack his bags!


http://saltandserenity.com/2011/01/16/torie-cookies-oatmeal-toffee-cookies/


Torie Cookies

sparklebritches's picture
sparklebritches

Finger poke test problem

I've been baking every couple of days for about a month and a half now--mostly working on whole wheat/blend sandwich loaves.


When in their final proof, I've been noticing that my loaves are always overproofed according to the finker poke test.   So, of course, I rush to get the oven warmed and the loaves in.  Most of the time it yields a very reasonable sandwich loaf.


Today I used Peter Reinhart's whole wheat formula (overnight refrigeration) from ABED.  Lo and behold, I did a poke test 30-minutes after shaping (about 40-42 minutes after being pulled from fridge) and the indention stays.


This has also happened with the Laurel's Kitchen recipes that I have started with.....


What's going on here?  Why does the indentation I make never fill in?


I've got today's loaves still proofing in the microwave....any input would be much appreciated! :)

em120392's picture
em120392

BBA Challenge Bagels/High School Project

Hey guys! I just wanted to thank you again for your encouraging comments on my bread-baking-project for school. I appreciate your thoughts very much! =]


I made bagels the other day, and wanted to share my post with you guys.


Here it is!


(my brother and i share a blog: http://bakingacrosscountry.wordpress.com/ )Originating in Poland in the 1600s, Bagels came along with Jewish immigrants to Ellis Island. Since many people of Jewish descent settled in New York, bagels have since been a tradition in the City.



The word bagel is derived from the German word for "to bend," symbolizing the round shape of the bread. Bagels were thought to bring good luck to the receiver of the bread. Usually, women who just gave birth received them for good luck as well as a symbol representing the cycle of life due to their circular shape.


The bagel gains its distinct chewiness from being first boiled, and then baked at a rather high temperature. A prolonged, cool second rise contributes to the bagels developed flavor, as well as the "fish eyes" on the crust. "Fish eyes" are raised bumps on the surface of the bread.


The first time I made bagels a few years ago, I was foolish and used whole wheat, no-knead dough from Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day. Although this dough made fine boules, the bagels dissolved in the boiling water, leaving broken lumps of chewy dough. Nevertheless, I was determined to find the perfect bagel recipe.


My brother, Evan, has been baking his own bagels weekly for about a year now. Out in California, each bagel costs over a buck, and they're spongy rolls. Out here in New Jersey, we sometimes get good bagels-but mostly, they're doughy and the size of your face.


Reinhart begins his recipe with a sponge, combining water, yeast, and flour into a thick-pancake like batter. After about two hours, I added more yeast, flour, salt and honey. I tried to mix the ingredients together, but flour flew out everywhere, making a giant mess. I tried to knead the dough in the Kitchen Aid, but the dough was so stiff, I could smell the motor straining.


That's why we have hands, I guess. For about ten minutes, I kneaded the stiff dough until my arms hurt, and the dough passed the window pane test. I measured out the dough into twelve even pieces (thank goodness for a scale). However, 4.5 ounce bagels were a bit too large for breakfast, and I think making about 16 would be a better portion.


After letting the dough rest for a little bit, I shaped them into bagels. I tried both ways, by sticking my finger through the dough and stretching the hole out, and also by forming them from a coil. I found that by poking my finger through, the shape of the bagel was more consistent, but I'm sure with more practice, I could get better at the coil-method.


I let the bagels rest again for about twenty minutes. Reinhart suggests a test for readiness: I placed one piece of shaped bagel dough in a bowl of water and saw it immediately floated.


After the test, I placed them on baking sheets, covered them with plastic wrap, and put them in the fridge for two nights.


On the second night, I brought a pot of water to a boil with an added tablespoon of baking soda. I didn't want to crowd my pot, so I only boiled four bagels at a time, for about a minute per each side. Immediately after boiling, I put them on a cooling-rack to drain, and sprinkled over a combination of sesame and poppy seeds, as well as some sea salt.


After boiling all 12 bagels, I baked them in a 500 degree oven for 5 minutes, rotated the pans, and baked them about 7 minutes more at 450, or until they were deep golden brown.


The next morning, I had a bagel with cream cheese for breakfast. Wow. They beat any one of the partially-cooked ones I get from the bakeries in my town. Since there are only three of us living in my house right now, we froze half of the bagels for future use. I also gave my mentor, Mr. Esteban a handful of bagels to share with his family. I hope he enjoyed them!


Besides my finicky mixer, this recipe was super simple and didn't require all that much effort (but more utensils than normal to clean). Rather than spending 12 bucks for 12 bagels on Sunday, I can bake these (better) bagels for a fraction of the cost. Next time, I'll try to find malt barley to make more authentic bagels, but for now, these are awesome!


Olver, Lynne. "Breads." Food Timeline (2011): n. pag. Web. 14 Jan 2011. <http://www.foodtimeline.org>.


 


 

breadman_nz's picture
breadman_nz

Artisan Bread Every Day - Errata for Bagel Recipe

I have just bought Peter Reinhart's ABED and made the bagel recipe (which turned out fantastically well, by the way).


However there is an error in the recipe (pages 75 & 77, first edition). The correct volume of water for the poaching liquid is 1814-2721g, which is the equivalent of 64-96oz. The book says 181g-272g, being out by a factor of 10!


I couldn't find this errata notified after searching here and elsewhere, so trust it's not a duplication.

Pages